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123 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Glossary

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What: Paprika (Capsicum Annuum) is a spice derived from the Capsicum pepper. It is rich in vitamin C and contains more vitamin C than lemon juice by weight. Paprika is also high in other antioxidants...

Parabens are a group of synthetic preservatives commonly used in cosmetics. They are commonly found at the bottom of the ingredient listing, if one is available.

Common Parabens are methylparaben, prop...

PEG

Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) is commonly used in cosmetics as cleansing agents, emulsifiers, skin conditioners, surfactants.

According to a report in the International Journal of Toxicology by the cosmeti...

What: Peppermint is a hybrid, a cross between watermint and spearmint. Indigenous to Europe, the peppermint plant now grows worldwide, and can be found growing wild. (Wiki).

Peppermint Oil is used in c...

Phthalates is an ingredient found in many beauty and personal care products, most notably as a carrier for Fragrance ingredients. Under current FDA labeling regulations, this ingredient can often be l...

What: Rapeseed (Brassica Napus) is the seed of rape plants and produces a non-fragrant oil that has emollient and potential anti-oxidant properties for the skin (Source: British Journal of Nutrition, ...

What: Safflower oil is from the seeds of the blooming Carthamus Tinctorius, native to arid environments with seasonal rain. Safflower oil contains linoleic acid that helps to soften dry skin. It is a ...

What: Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae L.) are deciduous shrubs in the genus Hippophae, family Elaeagnaceae (Wiki). Sea buckthorn (or Seaberry) bushes yield orange berries which are high in Vitamin C, lendi...

What: Shea Butter (Butyrospermum Parkii) is a slightly yellowish or ivory colored natural vegetable fat extracted from the nut of the African tree Vitellaria paradoxa. The nut is primarily comprised o...

Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS)

SLS

Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS) is found in most shampoos and toothpaste. It is a known skin irritant and is absorbed through the skin and retained in the heart, liver and brain for long periods of time....

What: Sodium Hyaluronate is the sodium salt of Hyaluronic acid. Sodium Hyaluronate has a smaller molecular size than Hyaluronic acid, causing it to easily penetrate the skin's surface, and is able to ...

Sodium Hydroxide is Lye, which is widely used in food processing. It is commonly used for: wash fruits and vegetables, chocolate and Cocoa processing, caramel color production, poultry scalding, soft ...

What: Sodium Lactate is the sodium salt of lactic acid, or milk acid. The salts of lactic acid naturally occur in muscle tissue, and Sodium Lactate is a component of the stratum coreum layer of the sk...

What: Soybeans are a species of legume and contain significant amounts of amino acids, and omega-6 fatty acids. Soybean Oil is obtained from Glycine Soja plant; this ingredient primarily consists of ...

What: Sunflower Oil is extracted from the seeds of the sunflower, Helianthus Annuus, and is rich in oleic acids and contains a high content of Vitamins A, D, and E. The oil also contains lecithin and ...

Synthetic color or FD&C colors are mostly derived from coal tar. Many have been banned from food by the FDA for various reasons: carcinogenicity, allergy inducing, general toxicity, etc. A number caused illnesses in children. They have been shown in clinical studies to cause various types of cancer.

A few of these colors have now been banned from cosmetic use. For instance, the FDA has already banned the new use of Red No.3, a carcinogen that may interfere with nerve transmission in the brain and cause genetic damage.

Long term studies have shown that regular lipstick wearers ingest approximately 2 ½ pounds of lipstick over 20 years. Any Synthetic Colors are ingested along with the lipstick.

Synthetic Colors, if listed on a product, will appear as FD&C or D&C followed by a number, ie. FD&C Red No. 6. Given the various health risks associated with many Synthetic Colors, if a personal care product uses it, don't use it.