Your Regimen for Healthy, Tanned Skin

Getting enough sun is important—be it on a luxurious beach or during a trip down South to escape the cold gray winter skies. But as lovely as the warm rays feel on your skin, you should always remember to use quality products to protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays. lavera Naturkosmetik's new sun care products contain exclusive active ingredients to help with just that. Our Sensitiv Sun Creams now have a new formula, making them even easier to apply. They also grant your skin instant sun protection and are waterproof, letting you dive into the waves to your heart's content.

Speaking of water—did you know that most sunscreens will soon be banned from some beaches, including the entire Pacific island country of Palau? This is because they contain chemical UV filters like octinoxate and oxybenzone, which not only cause allergies in humans, but also negatively affect coral reefs. The colorful coral is damaged by the substances, leading to bleaching and death.

You'd better take along the mineral-based lavera Sensitiv Sun Cream and supplement it with the After Sun Lotion to extend your gorgeous tan's lifespan. If you're aiming for a bronzed skin tone without having to chase the sun to faraway places, you can just use the lavera Self-Tanning Cream and Lotion.

New sun care from lavera Naturkosmetik
Care Ingredients

FAQ on Sun Protection and Skin Care

How does mineral-based sun protection work?

More about UV rays

Sun is great—in moderation. Its light is our most important source of vitamin D, and its heat leaves most people feeling warm and fuzzy inside. But apart from all its positives, the sun has a dark side: The sun's rays, known as UVA and UVB rays, cause the majority of damage that occurs to our skin and are one of the primary factors in the skin's aging. This means it's important for us to protect our skin.

What are UVA rays and "Mallorca Acne"?

Long-wave UVA rays (320 to 400 nanometers in length) penetrate the skin much more deeply and can cause structural changes within the dermal layers, leading to premature skin aging. Additionally, UVA rays amplify the harmful effects of UVB rays, increasing the risk of sunburn or even skin cancer.

The condition known as Mallorca acne is usually caused by UVA rays. Its symptoms include small but very irritated patches of skin, pimples, or nodules on your torso. This condition usually affects women between 20 and 40 years of age. The cause of Mallorca acne has not been scientifically found, but is widely accepted to be a combination of UVA rays with ingredients in generic oily sunscreen. If you're prone to Mallorca acne, it is recommended that you use mineral-based products like our lavera Sensitiv Sun Creams.     

Incidentally, Mallorca acne is often mistaken for a sun allergy. The latter is caused not by using the wrong sunscreen, but by not using any sun protection at all. Unprotected skin reacts very strongly; the exact cause for this is also still to be determined.

What are UVB rays?

Medium-wave UVB waves (290 to 320 nanometers in length) penetrate the top layer of skin, the epidermis, and damage the cells. They tan our skin and are also responsible for sunburn.

Mineral and chemical sunblocks work in two different ways. Chemical ones combine with the skin's oil to convert sunlight into heat that dissipates on the skin. This means it takes quite a while for the protection to kick in properly.

Natural minerals (such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide), on the other hand, settle on the skin and reflect incoming UV rays like a mirror reflects light. These natural sunblocks start to work as soon as they are applied and are not categorized as endocrine disruptors. Industry experts describe the 100% mineral-based sunblock developed by lavera as "physical sun protection". Our eyes perceive the natural minerals (the pigments in the emulsion) as a white shimmer due to the light reflecting off the skin. This means that the skin appears somewhat whiter and duller than when using chemical sunblock.

lavera's sun protection is an effective defense for your skin. It allows you to enjoy the sun even if your skin is very sensitive.

Skin types & sunlight

Different skin types have different natural sun protection times. During this time, we can be out in the sun without any damage to our skin, such as a sunburn. The individual skin types can be divided into six categories (see below).

The following formula can help you figure out how to responsibly manage your exposure to the sun: Skin's natural protection time x sun protection factor = Amount of time you can spend in the sun

Example, skin type 1: Ca. 10 mins x SPF 20 = 200 mins = 3 h, 20 mins. possible time in the sun. For this reason, even if you use some form of sun protection, you should still avoid prolonged exposure to the sun.

What's my skin type?

Skin Type 1

Generally has very pale skin with freckles, usually blue eyes and reddish or light blond hair. Sunburn usually sets in for people with this skin type after just 5–10 minutes in the midday sun. Doesn't tan.

Skin Type 2

Light skin and gray, green or blue eyes with blond or dark blond hair. People with this skin type begin to develop a sunburn after approximately 10–20 minutes if they are not accustomed to being in the sun. Tans very little and very slowly.

Skin Type 3

Tans progressively, usually has dark blond or light brown hair and gray or brown eyes. People with this skin type can stay in the sun for approx. 20–30 min before getting a sunburn.

Skin Type 4

Light brown or olive skin, remains largely protected from sunburn. People with this skin type usually have dark hair and brown eyes, and tan quickly and intensely. Their skin doesn't begin to burn until about 30 minutes into sunbathing.

Skin Type 5

Light to dark brown skin, brown eyes and black hair. People with this skin type tan very quickly and burn very rarely. Their skin's natural protection time is over 90 minutes.

Skin Type 6

People with this skin type have dark brown skin that tans very quickly and practically never get a sunburn. The skin's natural protection time is over 90 minutes and is usually longer than that of those with skin type 5.

What is SPF?

The sun protection factor (SPF) is an indicator of how much UVB protection any given sunscreen will provide. Every product carries both a numerical SPF value and a classification (e.g. "high" or "very high"). Based on a recommendation by the EU Commission, SPF 15 refers to products that absorb 93% of UVB rays, while a product with SPF 30 absorbs 97%. However, even products with a very high SPF do not protect you completely from UVB rays.

Frequently asked questions

Do I need sunscreen if I'm in the water?

Approximately 80 per cent of UV rays penetrate the water to a depth of 30 centimeters. Skin swells up in the water, and wet skin is more sensitive to the sun than dry skin and can burn up to four times faster. Make sure to use waterproof sunscreen.

How frequently do I need to reapply sunscreen?

You should refresh your sun cream after swimming, sweating, or rubbing your skin with a towel in order to maintain the desired level of sun protection. Make sure to reapply regularly.

What are nano-pigments?

Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are widely present in nature. They're used in sunscreen as tiny pigments that act as a filter for sunlight, reflecting the UV rays off the skin. The size of the particles in the pigments is generally greater than 100 nanometers (nm), providing an ideal level of protection for the skin. Since the enactment of the EU Regulation on Cosmetic Products in 2013, particles between 1 and 100 nm must be declared* under the term "nano" in the ingredient list of sun protection products, e.g. "titanium dioxide (nano)"*. Lavera sun protection is 100% in keeping with EU and cosmetics regulations and fulfills all conditions regarding usage of nano-particles.

*IKW (German Cosmetic, Toiletry, Perfumery and Detergent Association)

What's the right way to use sun protection products?

Apply generously to your skin before going into the sun. For an average-sized adult, this means approx. 20–30 ml (6 teaspoons). Smaller amounts reduce the product's protective effects.

Even sunscreen with a very high sun protection factor does not offer complete protection from UV rays. Despite using sunscreen, do not remain in the sun for prolonged periods, and make sure to avoid the intense midday sun.

What should be taken into account for babies and children?

Babies and small children have very sensitive skin and should not be exposed to direct sunlight on principle. Small children aged 6 months and up can use a perfume-free product. Children have thinner skin than adults. It can't form as much pigment as adult skin can, leaving it with a lower natural protection. Using a high SPF is very important for young children.

In addition to sun cream, children should wear protective clothing and keep their heads covered. As a general rule, loose, dark clothing provides better protection than tight, light-colored clothing.

Can I still get a sunburn in the shade?

The sun's rays are reflected by water and sand, increasing the risk of sunburn. Even if you stay in the shade, nearly half of direct sunlight will still hit your skin, so remember to use sunscreen regardless!

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