In the Mediterranean region, the large-scale cultivation as a result of the high global demand for olive oil is of major economic significance. The conditions there are ideal for the growth of the plant: the rather unassuming trees prefer a dry and warm climate and plenty of sun.
The deciduous olive tree can grow up to 15 metres tall and belongs to the Oleaceae family. Its leaves are small and elongated, with a pale greyish-green colour. The Mediterranean is its native region, although it is now grown in warm climate regions more or less all over the world.