Skin Problems and Skincare During Menopause 

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Menopause is a natural process in every woman's life, marking the transition into a new phase. During menopause, hormonal changes occur in the female body. The ovaries begin to produce fewer female sex hormones (such as progesterone or estrogen). Due to this decline in hormones and many other changes brought on by menopause, there can be alterations in the skin's condition. Each woman experiences these hormonal changes differently, so symptoms can vary individually.

In this article, you will get an overview of the different skin problems that occur and the appropriate skincare during menopause.

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Skin Problems During Menopause 

Skin problems during menopause can take many forms and have various causes:
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The body's own building blocks, collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid, are components of our skin and largely responsible for its structure, firmness, and elasticity. Due to estrogen deficiency, there is a reduced production of collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid. The consequences are decreased skin elasticity, reduced skin circulation, diminished regenerative capacity, increased dryness, and a reduced barrier function. A lower hyaluronic acid content contributes to skin dryness and wrinkle formation. Estrogen promotes the production of collagen. When – as in menopause – there is less estrogen, less collagen is produced. In addition, collagen is also broken down with increasing age. The estrogen level and age also influence the content of hyaluronic acid.
Sagging skin during menopause is due to hormonal changes as well as the natural aging process. Besides estrogen and collagen, the production of elastin also decreases. This leads to looser skin and more pronounced wrinkle formation.
Skin rash and red spots during menopause can be caused by hormonal changes but also indirectly by changed living conditions. For example, hot flashes or sweating episodes during menopause can irritate the skin and lead to rashes. Increased occurrences of allergies or stress can also be causal.
Eczema during menopause is promoted as a chronic skin condition by hormonal adjustments. Estrogen has anti-inflammatory properties and influences skin health. The decline in estrogen and additional stress during menopause can impair the skin barrier and lead to increased sensitivity to irritants.
Rosacea during menopause can be particularly pronounced due to the hormonal shift in the balance of female and male sex hormones. Among other things, hot flashes that occur during menopause can cause the blood vessels in the face to dilate. This can exacerbate the symptoms of rosacea.
Itching during menopause can be caused by hormonally sensitized skin, which increases susceptibility to external irritations. However, itching can also occur as a result of dry skin.
Large-pored skin during menopause can be caused by altered sebum production. Increased sebum production results from a shift in hormonal balance, as male androgens (e.g., testosterone) predominate during menopause. The increased sebum production can lead to clogged pores and, consequently, their enlargement.

Dry Skin During Menopause

Dry skin is a common problem during menopause. Various aspects can be causal and interact with each other. For example, the skin layers can bind less water due to the reduced production of the female sex hormone estrogen and the decreased hyaluronic acid production during menopause - this leads to dry skin. The most important factors for dry skin during menopause are: 
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A significant reason for dry skin during menopause is the altered hormonal balance due to the reduced estrogen level. Responsible for skin moisture regulation, the decline in this hormone can lead to the skin retaining less moisture because estrogen can no longer stimulate hyaluronic acid production.
Menopause often coincides with the natural aging process of the skin. With increasing age, the skin's ability to retain moisture decreases. This is partly because collagen and hyaluronic acid decrease with age – thereby also reducing the skin's moisture depots.
Factors such as dry climate, wind, UV rays, stress, poor diet, alcohol, and nicotine can additionally exacerbate dryness during menopause.

It may also be advisable to speak to a dermatologist to assess individual menopausal skin concerns and receive specialised treatments if necessary. Taking holistic care of the skin during the menopause can help to alleviate dryness and maintain skin health.

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Oily Skin During Menopause

Oily skin during menopause is also a dermatological challenge. Here are various causative factors:

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Due to hormonal shifts during menopause, the level of androgens predominates. This favors impurities and stimulates the production of the sebaceous glands. This can lead to impure and oily skin.
Enlarging pores during menopause can be more prone to oily skin.
The combination of increased sebum production and larger pores can lead to pores becoming more easily clogged and subsequently oily.

Managing oily skin during menopause requires a holistic approach that considers both skincare and lifestyle. Individual skin needs vary. Therefore, it is important to find the right balance in care. A visit to the dermatologist can also be advisable for severe skin problems, to learn about appropriate treatment options.

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Acne-Prone Skin During Menopause

Acne-prone skin during menopause, especially on the face, can be attributed to various factors:
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The shift in hormonal balance can lead to increased sebum production by the skin glands. The skin can subsequently become more prone to acne and pimples during menopause.
The relative excess of testosterone can further stimulate sebum production and lead to the formation of blackheads or acne.
The skin structure changes over the years. Larger pores are more susceptible to clogging as they offer more space for the accumulation of sebum and dirt.
Menopause can bring stress and emotional turbulence, which can exacerbate skin problems. Stress can further disturb the hormonal imbalance and favor skin impurities.
The predisposition for impure skin can be genetically determined. If you have a family history of acne-prone skin, you may be at higher risk of developing it during menopause.

Menopause and Facial Skin Problems 

Women in menopause can face particular challenges, especially with facial skin problems.
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Facial Skincare During Menopause

The right facial skincare during menopause is crucial to respond to emerging problems. This includes the use of suitable moisturizers, sunscreens, ingredients that promote collagen production (such as bakuchiol), and the selection of skincare products tailored to the special needs of facial skin during menopause.

The susceptibility to external irritants, allergic reactions, and sun damage suggests the use of a gentle facial care routine to optimally address the hormonally induced changes:
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Choose a rich and hydrating face cream that helps combat skin dryness and strengthens its barrier function. For oily skin, a light, oil-free moisturizer is recommended.
Skincare products with hyaluronic acid can intensely moisturize the skin and contribute to maintaining skin elasticity.
As the skin can be more sensitive to sun damage during menopause, a high-quality sunscreen with broad UV protection (UVA and UVB) is essential.
Use gentle cleansing products that thoroughly clean the skin without irritating or drying it out.
Natural facial oils, such as argan oil or jojoba oil, can help provide the skin with a variety of fatty acids and maintain its suppleness.
Bakuchiol is a natural alternative to retinol. Skincare products with bakuchiol can help combat fine lines and wrinkles that can occur during menopause.
A serum with antioxidants like vitamin C is intended to protect the skin from harmful environmental influences and contribute to improving the complexion.
Products with soothing ingredients such as aloe vera or chamomile are intended to help mitigate skin irritations that can occur due to increased sensitivity.
Special eye creams are intended to minimize fine lines and wrinkles in the sensitive eye area.
Occasional mild exfoliations can help remove dead skin cells and promote skin renewal. 

It is important to tailor the products to your individual needs and skin type. It is also advisable to consult a dermatologist to develop an individual face care and treatment strategy.

Holistic approaches that include healthy living habits such as a balanced diet and stress management can also help promote skin health during menopause.

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Our Product Recommendations for Skincare During Menopause
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